Though marijuana has been used as a medicine in various cultures around the world, it is only in the last 3 decades that researchers have begun compiling clinical evidence of the incredible medical benefits of the 113 known chemical structures known as cannabinoids that are found in the cannabis plant and have been isolated for further studies.
The term medical marijuana refers to using the whole, unprocessed marijuana plant or its basic extracts to treat symptoms of illness and other conditions. Among the extracts that have shown to be the most effective in treating a wide array of symptoms include:
Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC): this is the principal cannabinoid in cannabis and the one directly responsible for the elevated or “high” effect associated with cannabis use.
Cannabidiol (CBD): this is the principal non-psychoactive cannabinoid. Results from dozens of clinical studies have suggested CBD has anti-inflammatory, analgesic, anti-nauseant, anti-emetic, anti-psychotic, anti-ischemic, anxiolytic and anti-epileptiform effects.